In earlier days common people used to depend on farming as the only source of their livelihood. The ancient farmers applied some really clever techniques and invented devices which helped them in the process of irrigation and farming. They worked tremendously hard during the harvesting season. It was followed by prayers and offerings to the gods and goddesses.
A Brief Introduction: Talks about the dependency of the people of Egypt on Agriculture. Farming was then a primarily source of income for the farmers.
Farming in ancient Egypt: Information on where and what crops did the Egyptian farmers grow. Also learn about the harvesting season of the farmers.
Superior Farming Techniques: Depicts the ingenious dry-weather irrigation and farming techniques by the Ancient Egyptians.
The practice of farming: Information on the tools and equipments used by the farmers.
Ancient Egyptian Religion
It was said by a Greek historian that the Egyptians were the most religious, cheerful and healthiest persons among all the nations of the world. The religious system was centered on deities who represented natural forces. Pharaoh, the king, was regarded as the descendent of God. Egyptians believed in afterlife and provided tombs and grave goods for easy passage of the soul into the afterlife.
The Polytheistic Egyptians: The Egyptians had a strong belief in Gods and Goddesses and worshipped them regularly.
Faith of Ancient Egyptians: List of various Gods and Goddesses with whom the ancient Egyptian had relationships for many years.
Importance of Religion: Reveals the secret of the importance of religion for the Ancient Egyptians and highlights the beliefs of the Egyptians.
The most religious Egyptians: A perception by the religious people on ancient Egypt on creation of universe and the purpose of living on Earth is discussed.
Kingship and Marriage
Marriage was always treated as a sacred bond among the Ancient Egyptians. It was the meeting of soul of two bodies. Although the custom of polygamy was witnessed with some kings but this wasn’t the case for the common man. Egyptians were the first society to regard marriage as a legal contract.
Kingship in ancient Egypt: Highlights the importance, role and the distinct features of the kings of those times.
Divinity of the King: A study presenting the rituals related with the kingship and the position of Barta in taken the decisions during the reign of the king.
The oldest marriage: Talks about the first ever marriage that was performed in the history of ancient Egypt.
Marriage in ancient Egypt: States the requirements that were needed in order to perform a marriage.
Egyptian medicine was highly developed and included embalming, faith healing, surgery or the autopsy. They followed the four stepped scientific procedure: examination, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. Knowledge of human anatomy was available to the Egyptians. Magic and religion also influenced medicine.
Statistical Data: A table comprising the total number of physicians and the specialists during different eras of ancient Egypt.
Health Practitioner: Tells us how skilful and knowledgeable the Egyptian physicians were at that time.
Herbal Medicine in Ancient Egypt: Lists the common diseases and importance of herbal medicines in curing of diseases.
All about medicines: Valuable references and links citing the importance of medicines for different treatments of Ancient Egyptians.
The Egyptian calendar system had yearly five days which were followed by a 360 day calendar. Each year was divided into 12 months, 30 days each. Each month had 10 days long 3 weeks. Palermo stone describes the calendar structure of the Egyptians.
Early Astronomy: Information on origination of the calendar system and importance of it for the farmers.
Ancient Egyptians Calendar: The agricultural calendar, an astronomical calendar, and a moon calendar were the three different kinds of calendar system.
Reforms in Egyptian Calendar: Description of different calendar cycles, both astronomical and non-astronomical.
Changes with the Calendar System: Transformations in the lunar calendar used by the early Egyptians.
To maintain the records, Egyptians used a special system of writing known as hieroglyphic. Temples, public monuments, and tombs were the most common places where one could find the hieroglyphic writings. The writing system contained both logographic and alphabetic systems. There was no particular direction of writing. The writing system could be from right to left, left to right or top to bottom.
History: The origin of the word hieroglyphics from hiero and glyph.
Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics: What was the purpose of hieroglyphic writings? What are the different signs in hieroglyphic?
Study of Hieroglyphics: Informative links on where hieroglyphics were used and how can one read hieroglyphics.
Patrilineal culture used to prevail in Egypt. Despite being a patriarchal society, women in Egypt had certain rights and freedoms like the right of employment. Women spent most of the time on clothing, make-up and hair styling. In ancient culture, women were expected to produce male children and their respect in society dependent of the type of offspring they produced.
Women in Patriarchal Society: Prevalence of patriarchalism was seen in the ancient Egyptian culture where women had no choice other than to obey and serve men.
Dressing of the wealthier Women Egyptians: Every Egyptian excluding the poor ones maintained a high quality standard of hygiene and bodily care.
Clothing of Egyptians: Provides description about the clothes worn by women.
The Magical Power of Make-Up: The use of lead-based substance by ancient Egyptian women in cosmetics proves out to be a medicine for eye disease and illness.
Personal Adornment: Jewellery was the symbol of wealth and power. It was also a marker then, of the social status of the Egyptians.
Different kinds of games were played by the Ancient Egyptians. Indoor games included Senet (a game based on chances) and Mehem (circular gaming board). Wreslting, juggling and ball games were also popular. Remains of some of the popular board games were found in the tombs of Kings.
Recreation in Egypt: Different games and sports that were played during the early dynastic period.
Board Games: Details of some popular games like Senet, Dog & Jackals, and the game of snake.
Ancient Egyptian games: Guidelines of rules & regulations of some of the well known games at that time.
Leisure Activities: As a part of leisure activities, the Ancient Egyptians used to play board games and children used to play with the toys.
Some of the most common food items of Egyptian society were fruits, vegetables, meat, bread, and beer. Every luxury was not available to the common people because of the high prices. Honey was another commonly used product in the Egyptians diet. Onions, green scallions and garlic were eaten as complement to beer.
During Stone Age: Description of life of Stone Age hunters who had to wander, hunt, and trap animals in order to sustain their living.
Major staple food: Bread and beer were the two main staples of Egyptian life.
Food in Ancient Egypt: The rich ate meat where as little was available for the ordinary people.
Making of food: Overview of utensils used by Ancient Egyptians for baking and preparing food.
Bricks made out of mud were the common material to build the houses of Ancient Egyptians. Almost every house was built along the riverside of Nile. There were gardens surrounding the houses but there was very limited access to the furniture. Many ancient cities are non existent because they were eroded by the river. The main source of information on ancient egyptian architecture are the remains of religious monuments.
Building the houses: Earlier period houses were built randomly without proper planning and architecture.
Egyptian houses and homes: Description of ordinary and village houses in ancient Egypt.
Location of houses: A detailed description of the houses of Kings and Queens from different dynasties.
Egyptian Garden houses: During earlier periods the houses were constructed amidst large garden surrounded by a wall.